You manage risk. So, there may be that I have an increased risk of cancer because of hormone therapy. But, for me, the risk of getting breast cancer because of hormones is outweighed by the benefits of hormones, the benefits of being happy, of having access to healthcare that affirms my gender, that affirms my identity, that helps me be who I feel I need to be. And then I manage the possible increased risk of cancer by going for regular screening. Debbie
Any substance or condition that increases a person’s chances of developing cancer is referred to as a risk factor.
There is no single cause of breast cancer, but some people are more likely than others to develop the disease. Just because you have some risk factors doesn’t mean that you will get breast cancer, but it does mean that your chances of developing it are higher.
The main risks for getting breast cancer are:
The following factors are known to increase the risk of developing breast cancer for the population as a whole:
Trans women are more likely to be exposed to certain breast cancer risk factors and less likely to others. Overall, trans women are more likely than the general population to:
A healthcare provider can help you determine your risk of breast cancer and provide you with a personal plan of screening. If you are at higher than average risk, you will likely need to get checked more often or earlier. In general, high-risk individuals are those who have a strong family history of breast cancer, and/or have gene mutations such as BRCA1 or BRCA2.
Remember, there is no single cause of breast cancer, but having some risk factors may increase the risk of developing it. Some people develop breast cancer without having any of these risk factors.
Visit cancer.ca for more detailed information about these risk factors.